Genesis of University of Peshawar
The University of Peshawar founded in 1950, is the fulfillment of a dream, which had long remained unrealized. The first seeds of the University may be said to have been sown by Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum Khan, who boldly conceived the idea and founded Islamia College â€“ (The Dar-ul-ulum Islamia) in 1913 at the first out-post of civilization, almost at the mouth of the historic Khyber Pass. The founder of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, who perhaps saw the strategic role of Peshawar in his mind, on April the 12th, 1948, while addressing the students and teachers of the Islamia Collage Peshawar, made the following memorable statement:
You have referred to the question of Khyber University. Let me tell you that nothing is dearer to my heart than to have University in the North-West Frontier Province( Khyber Pakhtunkhwa ) from where rays of learning and culture will spread throughout Central Asia; and provided you to go the right way about it, you will get your University sooner than you can imagine
University Foundation Day
On 30th October 1950, Shaheed-e-Millat, Khan Liaqat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan, laid the foundation stone of the University of Peshawar with these words:
It is with very great pleasure that I have come here today to perform the inauguration of the University of Peshawar. This is a historic day for the people of this province and for Islamia College which has been the center of learning for such a long time and which has played an important part in the creation of the University. The Government and the people of the province can take legitimate pride in their achievement as the inauguration of the University of Peshawar is an important landmark on the road to progress which the province is traversing so rapidly and yet so surely.
The University of Peshawar, which started in a borrowed building of the Govt. Training School Peshawar (now Agricultural Training Institute ) in 1950, has now developed into a first rate institution of the country as desired by its founder.
Establishment of College of Home Economics
The study of Home Economics as a distinct discipline was introduced in the country soon after the emergence of Pakistan. Initially, a separate department, devoted to the subject, was set-up in 1954 by the University of Peshawar, in collaboration with Colorado State University, USA. The department was later upgraded to College status in 1963. It is one of the four colleges in Pakistan devoted to the study of Home Economics, for developing a complete education programme for female students to meet the challenges of a free society. The institution equips young women with the specialized knowledge in the field of interior design, textile design, small business management, teaching, and research.
Establishment of Pashto Academy
The Pashto language Academy was set up in 1955 with Maulana Abdul Qadir, a well-known scholar of Pashto Language, as its Director.The Academy has done tremendous service towards promotion of the Pashto Language and literature. It is not merely a publication body, it is an institute of research as well as the learned body for the development of Pashto Language and literature. Later on the Deparment of Pashto was set up in the building of Pashto Academy.
Establishment of Institute of Chemical Sciences
The Institute of Chemical Sciences, University of Peshawar was established in September 1955. Besides catering the academic and research needs of local and national population, the department also receives international students from the Middle East, Africa, Iran and Afghanistan. Initially, the department started with three teachers and eleven students. With the passage of time, the department grew in all dimensions and doctoral program was started in 1970 followed by M.Phil program in 1977.
The department is one of the largest postgraduate departments of the University having highly qualified faculty, supported by 25 Para teaching staff.
Establishment of Deparment of Physics
The department of Physics was founded in 1955 by the world-renowned scientist, Professor A. Majid Mian, originally named as the Department of Physics, University of Peshawar. The founding chairman remained a teacher of Professor Salam, the only Nobel laureate of Pakistan.
Establishment of Department of Geology
The Department of Geology was established in 1959 with the aim to provide state of the art teaching and research facilities to produce professionally sound graduates at the highest national and international levels of excellence for academic institutions, national and international oil companies and mineral exploration/mining and related organizations.
Establishment of Quaid-e-Azam College of Commerce
The Quaid-e-Azam College of Commerce (QACC) founded in 1962, is a constituent college of the University of Peshawar. It has a singular honour of having been established out of the funds bequeathed for this purpose by Father of the Nation Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Mohtarima Fatima Jinnah laid foundation stone of the College on 25th October, 1962.
Establishment of Department of Art & Design
The Department of Art & Design, University of Peshawar, the first professional institute of Fine Arts in Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa, was established as a two years certificate course in 1964, with a view to impart and promote art
education, in the province, and with the future planning to raise its standard to the degree level. In 1980 & 1982 the Department was upgraded to the level of BFA(Bachelor of Fine Arts) & M.F.A. (Master of Fine Arts) respectively. B. Art & Design Honours (Four Years) Courses were started in 2005.
Establishment of Jinnah College for Women
The College came into existence as a constituent College of the University of Peshawar on 24 July, 1964 through the vision of Chaudhry Mohammad Ali (SPk.), then the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Peshawar. The College is a living monument of his faith in the emancipation and education of women. Formerly called
University College for Women, it was renamed Jinnah College for Women in 1976 to commemorate the founder of the country, Muhammad Ali Jinnah's devotion and his commitment to Islamia College, which turned out to be the cornerstone for the establishment of female education of the University of Peshawar and the birth of constituent educational institutions. Jinnah College for Women is one of the highly esteemed of springs of the University. It shares the motto of the University and has firm faith in the words "Lord, advance me in knowledge".
The College has been declared the "Best Institute" for eleven consecutive years by BISE.
Students get Presidential Awards, University, FBISE and BISE Peshawar Scholarships every year.
Students have been showing outstanding results for the past so many years at both the Intermediate and Bachelors level in Science and Arts.
Establishment of Institute of Education & Research
The Institute of Education & Research (IER) is one of the academic units of the University of
Peshawar. Its history goes back to 1920's when Dr. M. Malik floated the idea and felt the need and importance of teacher training, which lead to initiation of its modest start as part of Islamia College offering B.T. (Bachelor of Teaching) course. It was later shifted to Agriculture Training Institute (ATI) and then to the building housing Senate Hall in University of Peshawar. In the early days of the University of Peshawar in 1950 it emerged as Education Department in the existing building in University of Peshawar. Its status was then elevated in 14 October 1963 as College of Education. It was in 1980 when the college was elevated to the level of institute and named as Institute of Education & Research (IER) and placed in the Faculty of Education comprising of eight departments. However, after restructuring of faculties of University of Peshawar it has been placed under the Faculty of Social Sciences.
Establishment of Department of Computer Science
The Department of Computer Science was founded in 1984. Since then, it is continually growing. The department initially started the M.Sc degree program. Later on Bachelor of Computer Science(B.C.S) was introduced.
There are more than one thousand students currently enrolled in the department. The department is trying to provide the students with all modern facilities as the requirement of advanced studies in the areas of Computer Science and Information Technology.
Establishment of Department of International Relations
The Department of International Relations(IR) was established in 1984 as an independent department within the faculty of Social Sciences,
Department of International Relations at University of Peshawar is one of the best departments in its field in Pakistan. The department offers four years Bachelor, two years Masters and M.Phil leading to Ph.D programmes in International Relations. The Departmentâ€™s significance is multiplied by its location in Peshawar, the point where three strategically very important regions meet, i.e. Central Asia, West Asia and South Asia. The department provides a forward looking and progressive academic environment to students as well as faculty which is engaged in quality research and teaching.
Establishment of Centre of Biotechnology
The Centre of Biotechnology was established in April, 2001 by University of Peshawar with the approval of Higher Education Commission (HEC) Islamabad, Pakistan. The first batch of 80 students in Bachelor of Biotechnology and 9 scholars in MPhil in
Biotechnology were admitted in November, 2001. Presently, the Centre of Biotechnology is a strategic unit in the Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Peshawar. Located in the emerging- sciences building, the institute
incorporates both teaching and research facilities, primarily dedicated towards the awareness and development of Biotechnology amongst the masses.
Establishment of Institute of Peace & Conflict Studies
The IPCS founded in late 2014 and it has since embarked on an ambitious agenda. The origin of the institute traces back to the Cabinet decision of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa made on July 20, 2009 which said "A committee, under the chairmanship of Additional Chief Secretary with Secretary Local Government, Law, Higher Education and Establishment Department, was constituted to fine-tune the proposal after receipt of feasibility report from the consultants and submit report to the Cabinet".
The Institute started with the seminar entitled
"Independence Day Celebrations & Terrorism in Pakistan" Organized by the Dr. Jamil Ahmad on August 18, 2014, however, IPCS was formally opened by the sitting Vice Chancellor Prof. Dr. Muhammad Rasul Jan appointed Dr. Jamil Ahmad as the first Director on September 11, 2014.